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Bullying(いじめ) vs Violence(暴行)の区別 [Social Policy]

アメリカでは「いじめ」と「暴行」をそれなりに区別しています.

訳しにくいので原文のままにしますが,ご参考までに掲載しました.
広く読まれることを期待した文書ですから,著作権の問題は生じませんから,ご自由にご活用下さい.
なお,日本では,曖昧に,「喧嘩」は暴行を含んでも「いじめ」とは見なさないことになっています.

今回の大津の事件を巡って,長い学校生活の中で,滋賀県警がある一回の出来事だけを取り上げて云々するのは可笑しいのではないかと考えてこの文章を書いています.

下記の文章中でも,Violence is against the law, while bullying generally isn't, more people accept bullying as a normal part of life. bullyingViolence とは区別されているところにご注目下さい.

いじめに関わる自殺が4,400人にも及ぶといわれるアメリカで,それでも.
more people accept bullying as a normal part of life という受け止め方は,さすがなによりも自由を尊重するアメリカならではと感嘆します.

それに引き替え,日本では,たった1回の競技場での仲間内児童の出来事を取り上げ,実地検証したとして,「暴行」で書類送致しようというのは,いかにも取って付けたような愚行だと思われてなりません.
イジメはあくまで児童自殺の一因に過ぎないのです.もっと多角的に調べないでおいて,なんとなく「暴行」で決着を付けようというのは,警察権力には絶対に許されないことです.上記の通り,Violence is against the law, while bullying generally isn't ですから,明確な区分を間違えないように望みます.

まあ,一流国と2流から3流国に転落目前の国を比較して論じても,ほとんど意味のないことかも知れませんが...

それにしても,大津市長といい,滋賀県警といい,既に裁判所の審理が始まっている問題で,今頃になって何をごそごそと問題を蒸し返しているのでしょう.

警察はまだ夏休みを使って捜査しましたが,これから学校や生徒を聴取しようと身構えている調査委員会は,何の権限,根拠でどうやって聞き取りをするのでしょう.設置条例を作って権限を認めたならともかく,設置要綱では,広く学生や市民に対してなんの権限も持たないはずです.

そういえば,委員会の正式名称は第三者委員会にしたそうですが,訴訟原告の言いなりになって作った委員会,それも3人+3人の筈の所を,原告側弁護士のクレームで1人が辞退して,2人+3人になって,よくもまあ第三者と称するモノですね!

イジメ側,学校側,自殺側と等距離を保つのでない限り,第三者などとはまったくおこがましい限りです.

依然として週刊誌や新聞で,学校や教育委員会を締め付ける議論が横行していますが,ぜひぜひmore people accept bullying as a normal part of life に近づいて,もっともっと自由闊達な学校から,オリジナリティ,独創性,進取の気性に富んだ学生が巣立つようになり,わが国の技術水準,経営水準,ひいては生産性を向上させて,失われた20年を取り戻し,輝かしい未来を創造してくれることを強く期待するモノです.

 

 

Bullying vs Violence

Bullying vs Violence - there can be a fine line in the difference of bullying and violence. This article offers commonalities of violence and bullying, and compares differences in bullying vs violence. Get tips for reducing bullying and violence.
Though bullying is often considered a form of physical or psychological violence, bullying has some different root causes than other types of violence, and also may require different prevention strategies. Let's compare bullying vs violence for a better understanding.

 

Violence may be defined as doing harm to another, whether physical or mental. Under this definition, bullying would be considered a form of violence. Comparatively, bullying is different from other types of violence, however, because it usually occurs when one person or group of people singles out another person with the intent of being mean through:

 

  • Name-calling
  • Teasing
  • Pushing
  • Hitting
  • Threatening
  • Spreading rumors
  • Playing mean practical jokes
  • Social exclusion

 

Bullying behavior is usually repeated over a period of time until it becomes a pattern. Victims often feel helpless and unable to fight back or defend themselves.

 

Bullying may take place in person or through electronic media devices, and may be direct or indirect, in comparison violence is always physical. While boys are more likely to engage in violence and in physical bullying, girls are more likely to bully through indirect methods like spreading rumors and purposefully excluding others. Bullying is usually worst during the middle school years, though it can occur from elementary school through high school and beyond into college and the workplace.

 

Bullying versus Violence:

 

  • While violence and violent crimes have generally been decreasing in America, bullying has not.
  • Violence is against the law, while bullying generally isn't unless it crosses the line into harassment or assault.
  • Though violence is generally seen as an unacceptable type of behavior, more people accept bullying as a normal part of life.

Among teens, where violence and bullying are most common, violence is often linked to gangs, drugs, an impoverished neighborhood with fewer perceived opportunities, poor attachment to school, and poor academic accomplishment. Boys are much more likely to be involved in violence than girls. Bullying, on the other hand, is based on individuals, who may be boys or girls, but are often those who feel a need to be powerful and in control. Bullying victims may be students who do not know how to stand up to bullies.

 

School violence is often addressed by trying to reduce gang involvement, drug use, poor academic achievement, and anger management problems among students. Bullying requires different strategies. Other students may think bullying is normal or not know how to stand up to bullies, so education is an important prevention strategy for bullying, as is taking bullying seriously and instituting a zero-tolerance policy.

 

Despite their differences, there are strong links between bullying and violence. Both bullies and their victims are more likely to engage in other violent behavior. Victims generally suffer from depression and low self-esteem and may lash out violently, while bullies are more likely than others to engage in violent criminal behavior. Both violence and bullying can cause students to be afraid and to skip school.

 

Some common factors of that may contribute to bullying and violence are:

 

  • Severe physical punishments used at home
  • Lack of parental involvement
  • Lack of knowledge about positive ways to deal with problems

 

Addressing these problems with positive parenting and by teaching problem solving skills and anger management could help reduce violence and bullying among some teens.

 

Sources:

Earnestine Bennett-Johnson, "The Root of School Violence: Causes and Recommendations for a Plan of Action," abstract from Education Resources Information Center [online]

Educational Resources Information Center, "Bullying in Schools. ERIC Digest." [online]
Valerie Strauss, The Washington Post, "Bullying, Thefts Persist Despite Drop in Violence" [online]
Virginia Youth Violence Project, "Research on Bullying" [online]
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH News Release, "Bullies, Victims at Risk for Violence and Other Problem Behaviors" [online]

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